Iinaliti zegazi zinokwahlulwa zibe:

1. Inaliti yokuqokelela igazi egudileyo: ikakhulu inaliti emacala mathathu kunye nenaliti eqinileyo yentsimbi; I-Pierce ulusu lwasesidlangalaleni okanye ingcambu yolusu lomntwana ukufumana umkhondo wegazi. Iiseli zegazi kunye ne-biochemical, histological, microbiological, virological, kunye novavanyo lwofuzo; Iyakwazi ukwenza izinto ezahlukeneyo. Ngokuthandwa kwezixhobo zokufumanisa namhlanje kunye neendlela. Inabile kangangokuba iya kuthatha indawo yovavanyo ngokuthe rhoqo ukuqokelela kwegazi.

2. Inaliti yesampulu yegazi ye-vein: misela indawo phakathi kwemithambo yethambo yomntu kunye nehlabathi langaphandle ngeendlela zongenelelo, uze uqokelele iisampulu zegazi ngesampulu yoxinzelelo lweesampulu zoxinzelelo (lwezinto ezahlukeneyo zovavanyo, isampulu yovavanyo olubi lweesampulu kunye neenkcazo ezahlukeneyo zingasetyenziswa - izongezelelo ezahlukeneyo zisetiwe kwisitya ukugqibezela ubhengezo lwangaphambili lwentelekelelo); Umzekelo, i-anticoagulation, i-coagulation ekhawulezayo, njl .; Ngokwakheko, iinaliti zokuqokelela igazi zinokwahlulahlulwa zibe zibini zigaba: inaliti yohlobo lokuqokelela iinaliti kunye nohlobo lokuqokelela iinaliti lokudibanisa igazi. Ngaphandle kwenaliti esekwe kwipeni, umhlaba omkhulu ukwahlulahlula-uhlobo.

3. Inaliti yesampulu yegazi yeartery: Ukuthetha ngokungqongqo, kukuphoswa kwe-artery, umthambo wegazi kwimithambo yegazi kunye nesixhobo sayo sokutywina esigqitywe kwindawo evaliweyo; Ukusuka kwimbonakalo yesakhiwo, sisirinji epheleleyo ene-blockant block, evala inaliti entloko ngokukhawuleza emva kwengqokelela. Ukugcina igazi le-arterial yazo zonke iintlobo zokuchithwa kwento enye ayitshintshi. Njengokuhlaziywa kwegesi yegazi, ukuqonda ukusebenza kwentliziyo.

Ukusuka koku kuqonda okungasentla, unokutsho ngokuchanekileyo, ukuba ungayisebenzisa njani inaliti yegazi:

I-1, inaliti yokuqokelela igazi kwi-subcutaneous: emva kokuhlwaywa kokungafuneki kolusu, iminwe ibambe inaliti yokuqokelela igazi kwi-subcutaneous tisti, ubunzulu obuyi-1-3 mm (kuxhomekeke kubudala bezigulana, ulusu kunye nezicubu), kwaye usebenzise umnwe ukuya tyibilikisa indawo ejijileyo, isaphulelo sehla lwegazi (singatshixeki), ukusetyenziswa koxinzelelo lwebhola elingafanelekanga, kwaye ke sidluliselwe kwisixhobo sokuvavanya okanye isilayidi se-slide pool blade coating, uhlolo lokudaya; Ukusetyenziswa, qaphela: umntu omnye, inaliti enye, ukubulala intsholongwane enye, ukulahlwa kwenkunkuma enye;

2. Inaliti yesampulu yegazi enesifo: khetha umthambo ofanelekileyo ongasetyenziswayo wokubulala iintsholongwane eluntwini; Bopha ibhanti yoxinzelelo (Qaphela: ayisiyiyo ityelelo, okanye ayisiyiyo ibhanti yokuqhuba igazi); Ngokweminyaka yesigulana kunye nenani leemodeli eziqokelelweyo, kukhethwe iinaliti ezahlukeneyo zeesampulu zegazi:(iinaliti ezisekwe kwipeni kufuneka zikhethwe ukuba inani lingaphantsi kwesinye okanye ezintathu iityhubhu); Abantu abadala, abantwana ababambisani okanye imithambo yegazi emincinci, banokukhetha indlela yokuqhekeza; Ububanzi beenaliti zenaliti yeesampulu zegazi aziyi kuba ngaphantsi kwe-0.7mm, kungenjalo iiseli zegazi ziya kwaphulwa ngokulula kwaye "hemolysis" iyakwenzeka. Emva kokusetyenziswa, inaliti kufuneka ichithwe kwibhokisi ekhethekileyo yenkunkuma yokulahla. Yenza ngokupheleleyo: umntu omnye, inaliti, ukungafuneki kwintsholongwane, ukulahlwa kwenkunkuma;

3. Inaliti yeesampulu zegazi: Inokuba sisisixhobo esibonisa isampulu yegazi): ukubulala iintsholongwane ngokungqongqo kuthetha nokwenza into ngaphandle kokubulala; Lungisa kwaye ucinezele izinto zokunxiba; Emva kokufunyanwa ngempumelelo kwe-artery, i-piston yesirinji iya kuphindezelwa emva ngoxinzelelo lwe-artery, kwaye igazi eline-arterial liya kugqitywa ngokukhawuleza, njenge-silinda yesirinji; Emva kokufikelela kwidosi emiselwe kwangaphambili, inaliti ye-punct yakhutshwa ngokukhawuleza kwaye i-punter ye-arterial yacinezelwa ukuba imise ukopha. Ngokukhawuleza emva kokudonsa inaliti, faka inaliti kwi-sealant. Emva koko isampuli yegazi engemva kwayo yathunyelwa kwigumbi lokuvavanyelwa uvavanyo ngokukhawuleza.


Ixesha lokuposa: Jun-12-2020