Ukuqokelela igazi lokuqokelela uqokelela lwegazi oluza kuthathwa, uxinzelelo lweqela elikhulu lezixhobo ezizenzekelayo kunye novavanyo lwonyango lweemfuno zolondolozo lwegazi, kungekuphela iteknoloji yokuqokelela igazi elifunekayo, kodwa kunye neemfuno zokuqokelelwa kwegazi vacuum, ke kuthini emhlabeni imibala eyahlukeneyo yesigqoko imele?

1. I-cap ebomvu: ityhubhu eqhelekileyo yeserum;

2. Isithsaba se-Orenji: ityhubhu yesiraum ekhawulezayo kunye nokuxinana kwi-tube yokuqokelela igazi ukukhawulezisa inkqubo yokuhlangana. ;

3. Isigqubuthelo esibomvu segolide: iglue yokwahlula i-glue kunye nethhubhu esebenzayo; i-glue yokwahlula i-glue kunye ne-arhente esebenzisana nayo yongezwa kwi-tube yokuqokelela igazi;

4. I-cap eluhlaza: I-Heparin anticoagulant ityhubhu, ene-heparin eyongezwe kwityhubhu yokuqokelela igazi;

5. Ukukhanya okuluhlaza okuluhlaza: Ityhubhu yokwahlula iplasma. I-Heparin lithium anticoagulant yongezwa kwi-inert yokwahlula irabha yokufezekisa injongo yokwahlula iplasma ngokukhawuleza;

6. I-caple yenjongo: I-EDTA i-anticoagulant ityhubhu, i-ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (i-EDTA, ubunzima beemolekyuli 292) kunye neetyuwa zayo zi-amino polycarboxylic acid ezinokukopa ngokufanelekileyo ii-calcium ions kwiisampulu zegazi. Ukuhambisa i-calcium okanye ukushenxisa indawo ye-calcium reaction kuya kuvala kwaye kuphelise inkqubo ye-endo native okanye exo native coagulation, ngaloo ndlela kuthintele iisampuli zegazi ekuqhubekeni.

7. Ukukhanya okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka: ityhubhu yovavanyo lwe-sodium citrate coagulation, i-sodium citrate idlala indima ye-anticoagulant ikakhulu ngokukhupha nge-calcium ions kwiisampuli zegazi.

8. Isigqubuthelo entloko esimnyama: ityhubhu yovavanyo lwe-sodium citrate sedimentation test. Uxinzelelo lwe-sodium citrate efunekayo kuvavanyo lwe-sedimentation yegazi yi-3.2% (ilingana ne-0.109mol / L) kunye nomyinge we-anticoagulant egazini ngu-1: 4.

9. Isithambisi-grey: Potassium oxalate / sodium fluoride, i-anticoagulant ebuthathaka, isetyenziswa ngokufuthi ngokudibeneyo ne-potassium oxalate okanye iodate ye-sodium. Sisigcinelo esifanelekileyo sokumiselwa kweglucose yegazi, kwaye ayinakusetyenziselwa ukumiselwa kwe-urease ngendlela ye-urease, okanye ukumiselwa kwe-alkaline phosphatase kunye ne-amylase.

Ngokumalunga nokulandelwa kokuqokelelwa kwegazi kunye nokusasazwa kwegazi kwiibhubhu ezininzi, ukuba usebenzisa ityhubhu yovavanyo lweglasi: ityhubhu yesyria yeenkomo ngaphandle kwe-anticoagulant, isodium citrate anticoagulation test tube, enye ityhubhu yovavanyo lwe-anticoagulant; Ukulandelelana kweetyhubhu zovavanyo zeplastiki: iityhubhu zovavanyo lwenkcubeko yegazi (ityheli), iityhubhu zovavanyo lwe-sodium citrate (eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka), iityhubhu zesyamu kunye okanye ngaphandle kwegazi kunye neentshukumo zonyango okanye ukwahlukana kwejeli, ithebhu ye-heparin kunye okanye ngaphandle kwejel (eluhlaza), ityhubhu ye-EDTA anticoagulant ), i-glucose decomposition inhibitor test tubes (grey).


Ixesha lokuposa: Jun-12-2020